Fishermen Advocates: Disclosing Forgery in Fishing Industries




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In 1997, Ivlev has published the results of his laboratory feeding experiments with several tens of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, divided into four training groups. In training Group 1, fish were fed only chironomidae larvae (bloodworms), in Group 2  sideswimmers, in Group 3  water louses, and in Group 4  freshwater molluscs, respectively.

After 10 days of training, fish of each group were moved on mixed, four-component diet contained the foregoing food items in equal parts. Interestingly, in this mixed diet fish selected predominantly familiar foods, remembered by them in the 10-day training period (see Table).

Table. Indexes of food electivity in common carp trained before to eat one species of food (Ivlev, 1977)


Group 1
index of electivity

Group 2
index of electivity
Group 3
index of electivity
Group 4
index of electivity

Chironomus plumosus

+ 0.37
+ 0.19
+ 0.10
+ 0.12

Corophium chelicorne

- 0.13
+ 0.28
- 0.19
- 0.21

Water louses,
Asellus aquaticus

- 0.15
- 0.17
+ 0.28
- 0.20

Freshwater molluscs,
Limnaea ovata

- 0.54
- 0.56
- 0.51
+ 0.20

In trophic ecology, this phenomenon is named an acquired food electivity (acquired feeding electivity).

Generally, an index of food electivity, denoted by letter E, can range from -1 (absolute rejection) to +1 (absolute preference). E=0 means that some food is not rejected and is not preferred (that is this food is indifferent on electivity for an eater).

In general and applied ethology, the same phenomenon is considered in the terms of search image. An acquired serch image forms in the long-term memory of an animal
during its learning (both in the nature or laboratory) and is used further as an etalon (template, specimen) to collate the receiving perceptual information. Without constant verification, an acquired serch image is forgotten within some time period.

In our context, search images can form in respect of food or live prey, their colors, odors and other stimuli.

In common carp (Ivlev, 1977), approximately 1.5 week of training is needed to form the relatively stable search images (with indexes of food electivity more than +0.20, see Table). Fish can switch from one search image to another, but after the corresponding training (learning). To form the more stable search images (with indexes of food electivity no less than +0.80), approximately 1 month of training is needed (Ivlev, 1977). ... Read more »
Category: Ethology | Views: 1072 | Added by: nickyurchenko | Date: 2012-07-09

Among various Blue Fox’s Dr. Juice pheromone attractants, the nature and the effectiveness of the Dr. Juice Northern & Musky attractant, offered for Northern pike, Esox lucius, amd musky, E. masquinongy, are unclear.

In accordance with data received in the laboratory and field scientific experiments, pike (and musky) do not respond to conspecific odors and feeding substances like fish blood, tissue extracts or worm juice.

On the other hand, pike respond to (and are attracted by) the conspecific sexual pheromones as well as on the so called alarm pheromones, which are contained in the skin of cyprinid fish and released in the water chiefly after its damage (for example, by pike teeth).

For more information, see Olfactory behaviour of microsmatic fish, including Northern pike (Esox lucius)

It this context, the Fishermen Advocates group offers Blue Fox, the member of the Rapala Group, to publish in the Internet statistical data confirmed the effectiveness of Dr. Juice Northern & Musky attractant within, say, 1-2 months after this claim. To the point, what Dr. Gregory Bambenek, the author of the attractant, thinks about? In the absence of argued data after expiration of that term, lawers of the Fishermen Advocates group will have the right to include the Dr. Juice Northern & Musky attractant in the category of forgeries with the appropriate legal effects.

Category: Attractants | Views: 1062 | Added by: nickyurchenko | Date: 2012-07-09



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